Creativity and Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Dr. Gerhard Huhn
Contrary to the widespread opinion that artificial intelligence (also known as AI) is the most important topic for the future, I would like to make one point: The future is not created from algorithms but from the human mind.
Algorithms can accelerate, simplify and help to avoid mistakes, but they cannot make illogical leaps across several levels for the purpose of creative solutions and thereby recognize, generate and value paradoxes or create something useful, new from the flashing associations. Some digital simulations of brain activities and performances are impressive and some even very useful, but their possibilities in the field of creativity quickly reach their limits.
Einstein’s results of his imaginative journey on a light beam led to the paradoxical ideas of his Theory of Relativity. His imagination when he just was at the age of 16 was not restricted by rules. Kekülé reported that he developed the chemical ring structure of benzene during a daydream of a snake. Both creative thoughts have changed the world profoundly. They are typically for thousand other situations in which ideas have been created.
Watzlawick discriminates two orders of solutions. Solutions that are found within a system (first order solutions) and solutions that change the system (second order solutions).
Second order solutions are necessary when something new is created, when creativity is really at stake.
Second order solutions are found outside the rules of the system. They create something that was unknown before. This creative solutions will be contradictory to established knowledge, will very often be irrational and paradox. They result from the potential of some areas and the dynamic possibilities of the brain, which can jump from one logical level to one or more higher logical levels (see my article »To the roots of creativity« - first and second article) or even move in non logical dimensions.
Empirically we know that such leaps happen during sleep, in the bathroom, during a walk in nature, when brain activities are in a certain frequency range between 8 and 12 Hz, sometimes within a certain mood. Some creative people use substances that exclude rational, evaluating thinking for some time, some just need some music or to be in love with somebody.
Do you have any idea to install all that in algorithms, in computers?
Computers can't laugh at bisociations (see Koestler) or even get excited like Archimedes at his ingenious idea in the bathtub. They are also unaware of despair, tears, and depression when, despite all their efforts, no solution can be found - often the trigger for the creative's subsequent breakthrough to the new.
Computers can neither cry nor laugh.
They may be able to take over a considerable part of the functions of the linguistically dominant, sequentially operating brain regions, some of which may be suitable for digitization.
But the excitation impulses of the Limbic System (which are transmitted into the analogous, pictorially working cerebral hemisphere and are perceived and emotionally differentiated there), as well as the holistic and wild design forces occurring in this cerebral hemisphere, which are not bound to the laws of logic, cannot be represented with algorithms.
In the brain, in contrast to the computer, the elements and processes involved change immediately with each process due to corresponding feedback processes. Hopes for creative solutions through digitalization are illusions. Digitalization reaches its limits in creativity.
The future is not baked from algorithms but from the human mind.
Others may talk about necessary changes
- more important are people who realize change:
You, for example.
As soon as you gain the reputation of being a creative person, you will be one of the most sought after people in the future.
Two questions whose answers can give your life a future-proof orientation:
Who - if not me?
When - if not now?
Increase the esteem others hold in you when you can solve problems, contribute ideas, create innovations. Trust in your uniqueness.
As long as the innovation and problem-solving capabilities of algorithms and artificial intelligence are essentially based on the promise that this will soon come (I have known this »soon« or »If we invest more there« since around 1980):
- it is safer that you prefer to rely on your own head and on the heads of those with whom you work.
Human creativity and the ability to innovate and solve problems is inexhaustible.
- is far too rarely mobilized and in general unfolded only at a low level.
Creativity is something you don't need to learn at all. It is in itself an inherent human ability. However, very often it is only lived very little or not at all, often it is even blocked. But it can be increased enormously through a greater understanding of the creative process and above all through special know-how and training.
I want to invite you to do so.
You can get access to the EMERGENCE INNOVATION PROCESS (EIP) for you (and use it in your professional and private everyday life) here:
Ronald Cicurel with Miquel Nicolelis: »The Relativistic Brain – How it Works and Why it Cannot Be Simulated by a Turing Machine«
Min 30 ff. about intuition and creativity